What is recruitment?
Recruitment refers to the process of identifying, attracting, interviewing, selecting, hiring and onboarding employees. In other words, it involves everything from identifying a staffing need to filling it.
Depending on the size of an organization, recruitment is the responsibility of a number of workers. Larger organizations may have entire teams of recruiters, while others have only a single recruiter. In smaller ones, the hiring manager may be responsible for recruiting. In addition, many organizations outsource recruiting to outside firms. Companies almost always recruit candidates for new positions through advertisements, job boards, social media sites and others. Many companies use recruitment software to more effectively and efficiently find the best candidates. In either case, recruitment often works in conjunction with or as part of Human Resources.
What is recruitment in human resources management?
Human resource management, also known as HRM or HR for short, is the people management function within an organization. HR is responsible for facilitating the overall goals of the organization through the effective management of human capital, focusing on employees as the company's most important asset.
Hiring is the first step in building an organization's human capital. At a high level, the objectives are to locate and hire the best candidates, on time and on budget.
What does recruitment involve?
While the hiring process is unique to each organization, there are 15 essential steps of the hiring process. We've listed them here, but for a detailed exploration of these steps, see our page on the steps in the hiring process:
· Identify the hiring need
· Design a recruitment plan
· Write a job description
· Advertise the position
· Recruit the position
· Review applications
· Telephone interview/initial screening
· Applicant assessment
· Background check
· Reference check
· Job offer